Students are expected to contribute actively to a positive classroom environment, both in person and online.
Absences, late arrivals and early departures, inappropriate use of telephones or headphones, lack of preparation, and inattentiveness will affect your ability to contribute to a positive classroom environment. Those who participate above and beyond the call of duty will receive a bonus. If your final grade falls near a borderline, I will take your participation into account when I decide whether to round up or down.
Students who dislike public speaking may wish to invest more effort in their online writing, and vice-versa.