Students are expected to contribute actively to a positive classroom environment, both in person and online.
Common sense and common courtesy dictate that absences, late arrivals and early departures, use of telephones or headphones, lack of preparation or participation, inattentiveness or disruptive behavior will impact your participation grade. Those who contribute above and beyond the call of duty will receive a bonus.
Students who dislike public speaking may wish to invest more effort in their online writing, and vice-versa.
Class participation may raise a student's final grade by up to 1/3 of a letter grade, or lower it by as much as a full letter grade. Having above-average class participation will earn you a slight boost if your final grade falls near a border (e.g. I will have a reason to report a 2.95 as a B).