He added that a difference exists between journalism and propaganda.
As he addressed some of the hard hits journalism has taken in the field of ethics, Carroll noted that anyone could be a journalist because, unlike other fields, journalism had no qualification tests, boards to censure misconduct or a universally accepted set of standards.
However, Carroll said a great depth of feeling remains on the importance of ethics that is centered around newspapers’ sense of responsibilities to their readers.
“I’ve learned that these ethics are deeply believed in even though in some places they are not even written down,” he said. When ethical guidelines are ignored, their proponents respond with ‘tribal ferocity,’” he added. –Ayisha Yaha –Esteemed journalist lectures on ethics (Daily Emerald)
Caroll complains about what he calls “pseudo-journalism.” All the more reason to emphasize critical thinking skills in education.