Refereed Journals: Do They Insure Quality or Enforce Orthodoxy?

“[P]prior to the Second World War the refereeing process, even where it existed, had very little effect on the publication of novel ideas, at least in the field of physics. But in the last several decades, many outstanding scientists have complained that their best ideas? the very ideas that brought them fame?were rejected by the refereed journals. Thus, prior to the Second World War, the refereeing process worked primarily to…